During the early half of the 20th century, artificial intelligence (AI) was rooted in science fiction and a reality found only in the movies.

In 1939, we saw the Tin Woodman brought to life in the “Wizard of Oz,” but it wasn’t until the 1950s that the Research and Development (RAND) Corporation funded a computer program that could simulate human problem-solving.

Doreen Fisher-Bammer, Ed.D., is associate provost of virtual learning at HACC, Central Pennsylvania’s Community College.

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