Wetlands is a common word, frequently used by the media, government and conservation groups. However, it is actually a broad term; multiple types of them exist.
According to the EPA, they are defined as places with water covering the soil or being present at or near the surface, both constantly and seasonally. These areas have common names, such as bogs, fens, marshes, and swamps, which derive from their characteristics and location. Specifically, the duration of the presence of water influences the flora and fauna communities in and around it. Longer periods of wetness allow for the development of aquatic soils and the growth of specially adapted plants.